Health Department

The majority of the health services for Squiala First Nation are provided by Sto:lo Nation; however, we have recently taken over the Community Health Worker position. We have hired one of our members, Shannon Leon, who graduated as a Licensed Practical Nurse in 2011. We also deliver the Brighter Futures Program and conduct water testing for Squiala, Kwa kwa a-pilt, and Shxwha:y Village. In April 2012, we will enter a new Health Agreement with Seabird Island Health and no longer receive services from Sto:lo Nation. It is hoped that with the new sub-agreement, we will be able take on even more of our own programs.

First Nations Health Council

We are also participants in the First Nations Health Council, and as such, are working toward BC First Nations being represented on the governing body for all Aboriginal Health Services in British Columbia. As a part of this process, we are a member of the Sto:lo Nation Community Engagement Hub.


Transformative Change Accord: On November 25, 2005 the First Nations Leadership Council (FNLC), Province of British Columbia (BC) and Government of Canada (Canada) signed the Transformative Change Accord, committing the parties to: establishing a new relationship based on mutual respect and recognition; reconciling Aboriginal title and rights with those of the Crown; and closing the social and economic gap between First Nations and other British Columbians, in the areas of relationships, education, health, housing and infrastructure, and economic opportunities. The Transformative Change Accord calls upon the Parties to negotiate a 10-year implementation strategy.

The Transformative Change Accord: First Nations Health Plan was released on November 27, 2006 by the FNLC and BC. This ten-year Plan includes twenty-nine action items in the following four areas: Governance, Relationships and Accountability; Health Promotion/Disease and Injury Prevention; Health Services; and Performance Tracking.


Community Engagement Hubs: (CeH’s) are groups of First Nations communities who agree to plan, collaborate, and communicate to meet their nation’s health priorities. Hubs also provide a vehicle for First Nations Communities to partner with the First Nations Health Council to implement the Tripartite First Nations Health Plan.

First Nations Health Council: A key action item referenced in each of these health plans is the establishment of a BC First Nations Health Council, composed of representatives of the First Nations political organizations in BC. The Health Council that has been formed is supported by BC First Nations and is mandated with: serving as the advocacy voice of BC First Nations in achieving their health priorities and objectives; conducting health-related policy analysis and research; participating in policy and program planning processes related to First Nations health; and providing leadership in the implementation of the First Nations Health Plan Memorandum of Understanding, the Transformative Change Accord; First Nations Health Plan, and the Tripartite First Health Plan.

Tripartite First Nation Health Plan: A new ten-year Tripartite First Nations Health Plan was signed by the FNLC, Canada, and BC on June 11, 2007. This plan builds on the Transformative Change: First Nations Health Plan and includes an agreement by the parties to create and implement a new structure for the governance of First Nations health services in BC.
For more information, the website is